Roberto Verna, Daniela Maria Capuano
The present review aims to make a comprehensive view on the nutritional needs and habits of athletes in different sports. With this review we would like to take into consideration and comment on the various trends in sports nutrition, making a summary of the various situations that arise for those who do sports, even competitive. First the basic principles for proper nutrition will be listed, then some aspects of pre-race nutrition and which foods to prefer for the speedy recovery of energy. The need for some athletes to maintain their weight, both for better performance and for the needs of the type of sport practiced, when athletes are divided into categories based on weight, will also be taken into consideration Finally, the metabolic pathways important for athletic performance will be examined in detail, evaluating the properties and validity of the individual nutrients and some supplements, for their best efficiency.
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