Prakriti Adhikari, Nita Bandyopadhyay
Sports performance at any level not only requires physical strength and motor ability but some psychological aspects, e.g., cognitive abilities for quick decision making, paying attention, memorizing are the highly influencing factors. The influence of the environment is also a crucial aspect that helps to grow cognitive abilities in athletes. The purpose of the study was to observe the impact of the social environment and economic condition in the cognitive abilities of the slum area and general urban area athletes. A total of 47 athlete puberty boys (12yrs-15yrs) were selected as the subjects for the study. Their cognitive abilities were measured by Cognitive Ability Test (Sood et al.,2015) for collection of data, 38 questions were there in four domains of cognitive ability, namely - i) Verbal (VA), ii) Numerical (NA), iii) Abstract Reasoning (ARA) and iv) Verbal Reasoning (VRA). The statistics used were Mean, Standard Deviation and t-test for data interpretation. The level of significant difference was set at the 0.05 level. The study findings yielded the result that two groups had a significant difference in verbal ability and verbal reasoning ability, on the other hand, in numerical ability and abstract reasoning ability as well as total cognitive ability there was no significant difference present. Therefore, the study concluded that social environment and economical condition have an impact on cognitive abilities in the domain of verbal and verbal reasoning ability between the urban slum and urban general area early teen athletes.
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